Sensitive teeth or dentin hypersensitivity is not a disease, but rather symptoms that can appear constantly. If left without clinical management, it can have a significant impact on the quality of life of sufferers.
Reportedly, women experience slightly more sensitive teeth compared to men. The age group most commonly affected is between 30-40 years.
Sensitive teeth are generally characterized by brief but sharp pains. The sensation arises from the part of the dentine exposed in response to a stimulus in the form of thermal, evaporation, tactile, osmotic, or chemical.
Usually, the sensation of pain due to sensitive teeth arises due to stimulation that is produced when consuming hot or cold drinks, drinks or acidic foods, or when brushing teeth.
The pain that appears can be localized or generalized, so that it can affect one or a variety of tooth surfaces simultaneously, and generally will stop immediately after removing the pain stimulus.
Most sensitive teeth are accompanied by gingival recession or gum loss, which may be caused by periodontal disease, periodontal treatment, or improper brushing habits.
The diagnosis must be made correctly by the dentist, because this step is important to determine the next treatment.
Choose special toothpaste that is able to overcome sensitive teeth
The focus of handling sensitive teeth is to reduce the stimulation of nerve fibers in the pulp or close the open dentinal tubules. Simple treatments that can be done at home, one of which is to brush your teeth using special toothpaste for sensitive teeth.
Various agents have been used as desensitizers for hypersensitive teeth, including silver nitrate, fluoride, formaldehyde, strontium chloride, and potassium nitrate.
Toothpaste containing potassium ions has been shown by several clinical studies to have effective therapeutic potential that works in reducing sensitive teeth.
The American Dental Association Council on Dental Therapeutics gave approval for toothpastes containing 5 percent potassium nitrate. Potassium ions are thought to act by blocking potential actions produced in the intradental nerve.
The majority of desensitized toothpaste contains potassium salt which is believed to work by penetrating the length of the dentinal tubules and interfering with the nerve response to pain stimulation.
In addition, there are also toothpaste for sensitive teeth with additional herbal ingredients recently marketed, which can help reduce the symptoms of sensitive teeth because they contain potassium nitrate. With the addition of natural ingredients, it is certainly safer and has fewer side effects.
Some natural ingredients that are often used in herbal toothpaste products are eucalyptus and fennel. Both are widely used in dental and oral care products because of their antiseptic properties.
Fennel extract is believed to inhibit the growth of microorganisms, especially Streptococcus mutans which is responsible for the emergence of dental caries and periodontal disease.
Meanwhile, the content of eucalyptus can be relied upon to fight germs that cause bad breath and often cause discomfort to sufferers.
There is promising potential that toothpaste products containing these ingredients can help prevent plaque buildup on the teeth and gums by attacking bacteria that cause tooth decay.
One way to deal with sensitive teeth that can be done independently at home is to use the right special toothpaste. Examples that contain potassium nitrate and herbal ingredients such as eucalyptus and fennel. Not only able to relieve complaints of sensitive teeth, fresh breath and oral hygiene is maintained, with the possibility of side effects that are very minimal.